Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

8/4/2014 (2 years ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

Open defecation remains ongoing practice in many areas

While many African villages have made headway in combating such deadly disease as cholera with the mandated use of indoor flush toilets, the idea still hasn't caught on in many rural parts of India. Open defecation is still widely practiced there, in spite of the spread of debilitating diseases.

India's cast system has led to a select class of women called 'night soil gatherers,' women who gather feces from non-flush toilets.

India's cast system has led to a select class of women called "night soil gatherers," women who gather feces from non-flush toilets.

Highlights

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

8/4/2014 (2 years ago)

Published in Asia Pacific

Keywords: India, sanitation, flush toilets, open defecation, diseases


LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - There are several cultural norms working against flush toilets in rural India. One mother, who along with her four children eschew toilets to defecate n an open field, says that toilets are only for "city-dwellers who don't have space to go in the open . Feces don't belong under the same roof as where we eat and sleep."

Attitudes such as these may prove to be Prime Minister Narendra Modi's biggest challenge in combating the world's biggest sanitation problem. Open defecation costs India 600,000 lives annually from diarrhea and exposes a third of the nation's women to the risk of rape or sexual assault.

SAVE Iraqi Christians from Genocide --

Without toilets for half the population, Modi promised to build 5.3 million latrines by the end of his first 100 days in office, which would be one a second until Aug. 31, according to the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.

"Targets for construction of toilets are somewhat irrelevant to resolving the sanitation problem," Yamini Aiyar, director of policy research group Accountability Initiative in New Delhi says. "Building toilets does not mean that people will use them and there seems to be a host of cultural, social and caste-based reasons for that. People need to be taught the value of sanitation."

These needs are not being addressed. More than half of the country's sanitation education budget since 1999 hasn't been spent, according to the Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation. In at least five of India's poorest states, the majority of people in households with a government latrine don't use it.

The government has set Mahatma Gandhi's 150th birthday in 2019 as its target for achieving "total sanitation," including access to toilets for all 1.2 billion residents, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said in his budget speech earlier this month.

While Jaitley doubled spending on new toilets to 40 billion rupees, the ratio of those funds that can be spent on information, education and communication, remains at 15 percent.

About 100,000 tons of Indian villager's excrement heads to markets every day on fruit and vegetables, according to UNICEF, the United Nations children's fund. Each gram of feces in an open field contains 10 million viruses, one million bacteria and 1,000 parasite cysts.

The feces n turn contaminates groundwater, causing illnesses such as diarrhea and cholera, and deters tourists whose immune systems are at the highest risk from the drug-resistant strains of fecal bacteria.

---


'Help give every student and teacher Free resources for a world-class moral Catholic education'


Copyright 2017 - Distributed by THE CALIFORNIA NETWORK

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for DECEMBER 2016
Universal:
End to Child-Soldiers: That the scandal of child-soldiers may be eliminated the world over.
Evangelization: Europe: That the peoples of Europe may rediscover the beauty, goodness, and truth of the Gospel which gives joy and hope to life.



Comments


More Asia Pacific

3-year long hunt for missing flight MH370 grinds to a halt with 239 people still missing Watch

Image of The search for downed flight MH370 has come to a close.

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Australian, Chinese and Malaysian officials released a joint statement on Tuesday, breaking hearts and dimming hope around the world. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - The statement read: "Despite every effort using the best science available, cutting edge ... continue reading


Kids forced to attend school for first time ON THE SIDEWALK while crime and dropout rates soar Watch

Image of Shyam Bihari Prasad [not pictured] took it upon himself to teach those who are desperate to learn.

By Monique Crawford (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Shyam Bihari Prasad retired from his position as an Assistant General Manager from telecommunications company BSNL. What he did with his life next changed the lives of children forever. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Prasad, known as "Uncle," began teaching ... continue reading


President Duterte orders free contraceptives for women as an anti-poverty measure Watch

Image of There are better ways to manage reproduction than injecting dubious chemicals into your body.

By Marshall Connolly (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

President Duterte has ordered his government to make contraceptives free for 6 million women who cannot afford to pay for them. Such a move is likely to reduce birth rates among the poor, and will draw the concern of Catholic leaders. LOS ANGELES, CA (California ... continue reading


President Duterte threatens to kill corrupt mayors Watch

Image of President Duterte is putting his mayors on notice.

By David Drudge (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

President Duterte has warned new mayors, they had better not be involved in drug trafficking and corruption, or he will kill them himself. LOS ANGELES, CA (California Network) -- President Duterte warned over 200 new political appointees and mayors they should quit the ... continue reading


Catholic procession in Philippines divinely protected in midst of terror attacks Watch

Image of Filipinos were safe during the Black Nazarene procession on Monday (BlueDreamers27).

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Terrorist attacks in the Philippines force Christians to keep extra security close at hand. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - During the Black Nazarene procession in Manila on Monday, security forces are especially vigilant.U.S. and British embassies alerted their ... continue reading


What does the Holy See have to say about the Lipa Marian apparitions? Watch

Image of The Lipa Marian apparitions remain a mystery.

By Mary Rezac (CNA)

The story of Sister Teresita Castillo and the supposed Marian apparitions of Lipa City, Philippines reads something like a mystery novel. Lipa, Philippines (CNA) - A negative judgement given in a document signed by local bishops and subsequent suppression of the ... continue reading


North Koreans forced to celebrate Kim Jong-un's grandmother's birthday instead of Christ's this Christmas Watch

Image of Kim Jong-un forced North Korea to celebrate his grandmother, Kim Jong-suk, instead of Christ this Christmas (KCNA).

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un's grandmother, Kim Jong-suk, was born on Christmas Eve in 1919. Instead of celebrating the birth of Christ, the dictator demanded the country celebrate her birthday. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Kim Jong-suk was an anti-Japanese ... continue reading


Nan Madol - Who built this mysterious city of stone in the ocean and why? This time, we have answers! Watch

Image of Why was this city of stone built on the sea? This time, archaeologists have the answers.

By Marshall Connolly (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

Who builds a city on water when there's perfectly good land nearby? And why would this be done without any source of food or water? And why build it entirely of stone? These are mysteries of the city of Nan Madol, a mysterious city in the South Pacific nation of ... continue reading


Who is the amazing priest bringing the Gospel to rural New Guinea? Watch

Image of Fr. Christian Sieland brings the Gospel to Papua, New Guinea.

By Antonio Anup Gonsalves and Kevin Jones (CNA/EWTN News)

In the deep Melanesian jungles, a native Papua New Guinea Catholic priest walks miles through the deep thick forests. He scales the country's steep mountainous terrain to reach his remote flock and serve in the poorest parishes every weekend. Kundiawa, Papua New Guinea ... continue reading


Philippines president admits he's killed suspected drug criminals to show police how it's done Watch

Image of Duterte ups the ante on the war on drugs.

By Kenya Sinclair (CALIFORNIA NETWORK)

On Monday, December 12, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte spoke to business leaders at the presidential palace, where he shared his extremely active role in supporting extrajudicial killings. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Duterte stated: "In Davao I used to do ... continue reading


All Asia Pacific News

Newsletters

Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Subscribe to Catholic OnlineYouTube Channel

Daily Readings

Reading 1, Hebrews 10:1-10
1 So, since the Law contains no more than a reflection of the good things ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 40:2, 4, 7-8, 10, 11
2 He pulled me up from the seething chasm, from the mud of the mire. He ... Read More

Gospel, Mark 3:31-35
31 Now his mother and his brothers arrived and, standing outside, sent in ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for January 24th, 2017 Image

St. Francis de Sales
January 24: St. Francis de Sales was born to a noble family ... Read More