Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

3/17/2014 (1 year ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

Crossbow, triggers were made by teams of craftspeople

The life-size terra-cotta army buried alongside China's first emperor was among the 20th century's most amazing archaeological finds. Scientists have now figured out how the bronze triggers for the crossbows of the 8,000 terra-cotta warriors were made.

Craftspeople sculpted about 8,000 colorful warriors, probably using real human beings as inspiration and those warriors wore stone armor and 'wielded' lances, swords and crossbows.

Craftspeople sculpted about 8,000 colorful warriors, probably using real human beings as inspiration and those warriors wore stone armor and "wielded" lances, swords and crossbows.

Highlights

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

3/17/2014 (1 year ago)

Published in Asia Pacific

Keywords: Terracotta warriors, craftsmen, afterlife


LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Researchers say that teams of craftspeople worked in small groups to produce the bronze pieces in batches for the tomb of ancient Emperor Qin Shi Huang.

About 8,000 Terracotta Warriors were buried in three pits less than a mile to the northeast of the m

About 8,000 Terracotta Warriors were buried in three pits less than a mile to the northeast of the mausoleum of the First Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huangdi.


According to a new study detailed in the March issue of Antiquity, historical documents suggest that soon after Emperor Qin Shi Huang ascended to the throne in 246 B.C., he began work on his tomb near Xi'an, China.

Prayer, fasting and almsgiving.

First unearthed in the 1970s, the tomb revealed thousands of lifelike terra-cotta statues of artisans, musicians, officials, horses and soldiers.

Emperor Qin Shi Huang was buried with everything he needed for the afterlife, including an army comp

Emperor Qin Shi Huang was buried with everything he needed for the afterlife, including an army complete with life-size clay horses.


It's estimated that the astonishing project conscripted 700,000 laborers, many of whom were convicts or people who were in debt to the empire, study co-author Xiuzhen Janice Li says. Li was an archaeologist who was at the University College London at the time of the new work and is now at the Emperor Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum Site Museum in China.

Ensuring the emperor's military power and resources in the afterlife was the reason behind the massive undertaking.

Craftspeople sculpted about 8,000 colorful warriors, probably using real human beings as inspiration and those warriors wore stone armor and "wielded" lances, swords and crossbows.


This terracotta warrior is thought to represent a general who would have commanded the footsoldiers.

This terracotta warrior is thought to represent a general who would have commanded the footsoldiers.


It remained a mystery as to how these ancient weapons were made. The crossbows were made of wood or bamboo that rotted long ago, and only the tips and triggers for the bows remained, Li says.

Li and her colleagues visually inspected and measured about 216 of the five-part crossbow triggers from the mausoleum. They found that the lack of wear on the metal pieces suggests the weapons were never used in actual battle, but were instead built solely for the tomb.


The first Qin emperor needed not just soldiers, but bureaucrats like this one, to run his kingdom in

The first Qin emperor needed not just soldiers, but bureaucrats like this one, to run his kingdom in the afterlife.


The team also analyzed the spots where triggers were found in the tomb, as well as the variation in the size and shape of the pieces.

The pieces were mostly uniform, suggesting the interlocking trigger parts were made in the same or nearly-identical molds and produced in small batches. Each batch of the trigger pieces was likely then assembled in small cells, or workshops, perhaps headed by an overseer.  That model contrasts with the "assembly line" hypothesis that some archaeologists thought might have been used.


Even the horses in the massive terracotta army were each unique; no two were alike.

Even the horses in the massive terracotta army were each unique; no two were alike.


Study co-author Marcos Martinón-Torres, an archaeologist at the University College London, says that the organization into small workshops was similar to the structure the emperor imposed on the rest of society in ancient China. "He abolished any privileges inherited by blood, and the population was divided in small groups that were collectively responsible for their adherence to imperial laws," Martinón-Torres wrote in an email.

"For example, if someone in one of these groups committed a crime, all of them were held responsible, unless they reported the culprit and allowed them to be punished."

---


Pope Francis: end world hunger through 'Prayer and Action'


Copywriter 2015 - Distributed by THE NEWS CONSORTIUM

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for July 2015
Universal:
That political responsibility may be lived at all levels as a high form of charity.
Evangelization: That, amid social inequalities, Latin American Christians may bear witness to love for the poor and contribute to a more fraternal society.


Rosaries, Crosses, Prayer Cards and more... by Catholic Shopping .com


Comments


More Asia Pacific

HORRIFIC PHOTOS- Filipino children forced to scavenge through rubbish for pennies a day Watch

Image of Shocking photos depict a boy struggling to stay afloat in water clogged with rubbish. In another photo, a young girl balances on a makeshift Styrofoam raft.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

In a horrific example of child labor that should not be tolerated in any developed nation, Filipino children scavenge through polluted rivers for trash to resell. The heavily polluted water endangers their lives - all in exchange for work that equals little ... continue reading


Same-sex unions by Filipinos abroad will go unrecognized in Philippines Watch

Image of Representatives of the Filipino Catholic Church say they will not discriminate against members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Filipinos who marry members of the same sex while abroad will not see the perceived legal benefits in their native Philippines, a government representative says. "Our laws are clear. The Family Code only recognizes the marriage between a man and a woman," ... continue reading


Successor to Mother Teresa dies at 81 Watch

Image of The second among 11 children of a Nepalese Hindu family, who settled in Bihar state of India, Sister Nirmala was born on July 23, 1934. She later graduated from Patna Women's College, managed by Apostolic Carmel nuns.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

The successor to Mother Theresa, Sister Nirmala Joshi has died at the age of 81. People all over the world remember her for her selfless dedication to helping the poorest of the poor, as the leader of Missionaries of Charity, or MC, for two consecutive terms. ... continue reading


China's Yulin Dog Meat Festival continues despite global outrage Watch

Image of CFP

By Atarah Haely (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

The annual dog meat festival in Yulin, China went on despite a major online campaign to put a stop to the highly controversial event. Protesters campaigning against the event outside a government office, Monday, were disbanded forcibly by unknown men. According to ... continue reading


Sexual inequity in India leads girls to suffer the worst from malnutrition Watch

Image of Those lucky enough to survive, grow up without enough energy, protein, vitamins and minerals, causing their brains and bodies to be stunted which means they cannot fulfill their physical, academic or economic potential.

By Ruhi Kandhari, Thomson Reuters Foundation

When Palak was found barely breathing buried under a mound of soil in an impoverished village in eastern India, doctors who treated the abandoned newborn girl knew that nursing her back to health would not be easy. DHARBHANGA, India (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - ... continue reading


CHAOS IN THE STREETS: Dozens of zoo animals run wild in the streets after devastating flood in Tbilisi, Georgia Watch

Image of [Photo by: Tinatin Kiguradze]

By Nikky Andres (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Lions, bears, wolves, birds and a hippo were only some of the animals that escaped a zoo after a heavy flooding in Tbilisi, Georgia. The flooding completely destroyed the protective enclosures in the city's zoo. As a result, the capital of Georgia was placed on ... continue reading


19-year-old GIANT TORTOISE takes a stroll through the streets of Tokyo Watch

Image of

By Nikky Andres (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Bon-chan, a giant tortoise, slowly strolled through Tokyo's streets, to the delight of the many Japanese people he met along his very slow journey. The  3-feet-long, 70 kilograms (150 pounds), male African spurred tortoise, is owned by Hisao Mitani. MUNTINLUPA, ... continue reading


CHILD BRIDE CRISIS: Unprepared young girls forced to marry, have children, undermining nation's future Watch

Image of Densely populated Bangladesh suffers frequent flooding and other natural disasters. The rights group said floods, cyclones and river erosion exacerbate child marriage by pushing families into greater poverty.

By Emma Batha, Thomson Reuters Foundation

Bangladesh must ramp up efforts to tackle its "epidemic" of child marriage -- a problem fueled by the country's repeated natural disasters, rights campaigners said on Tuesday. LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Human Rights Watch (HRW) also called on the ... continue reading


Journalist set on fire in India for controversial Facebook posts Watch

Image of

By Hannah Marfil (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Police claim journalist, Jagendra Singh, set himself on fire before they arrived to arrest him for posting allegations against Ram Murti Verma, a cabinet minister on Uttar Pradesh's legislative assembly on Facebook. However, according Singh's relatives, he was actually ... continue reading


Straight from the Bible: Resembling the words of Exodus, thousands of real-life toads swarm the roads after storm Watch

Image of

By Atarah Haely (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Thousands of toads swarmed an area at Liaoning Province, China after a heavy downpour, hopping out of a lake nearby. The toads were filmed as they populated a certain area on the of Ganjingzi Qu, Liaoning Sheng with a reminiscent view of a Biblical plague written in ... continue reading


All Asia Pacific News

Newsletters

Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Daily Readings

Reading 1, Genesis 32:23-33
23 That same night he got up and, taking his two ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 17:1, 2-3, 6-7, 8, 15
1 [Prayer Of David] Listen, Yahweh, to an upright ... Read More

Gospel, Matthew 9:32-38
32 They had only just left when suddenly a man was ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for July 7th, 2015 Image

Bl. Ralph Milner
July 7: English martyr. He was born at Stocksteads, Hampshire, and was a ... Read More

Inform, Inspire & Ignite Logo

Find Catholic Online on Facebook and get updates right in your live feed.

Become a fan of Catholic Online on Facebook


Follow Catholic Online on Twitter and get News and Product updates.

Follow us on Twitter