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By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

3/31/2014 (11 months ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

Currently believed to be same height as six-and-a-half Eiffel Towers stacked on top of the other

A bottomless cave believed to be as deep as six-and-a-half Eiffel Towers stacked one on top of the other, the Krubera Cave is being called the Earth's deepest cave. Explorers have charted every known cranny of the terrifying cave that measures 7,208 feet deep.

The cave is called 'Voronya' in Russia, which means 'crow's cave.' Kiev cavers gave it that nickname during the Eighties due to the number of crows nesting in the entrance pit.

The cave is called "Voronya" in Russia, which means "crow's cave." Kiev cavers gave it that nickname during the Eighties due to the number of crows nesting in the entrance pit.

Highlights

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

3/31/2014 (11 months ago)

Published in Green

Keywords: Krubera Cave Georgia, Ukraine, explorers


LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Annually, divers plunge to new depths never visited by humans to extend the cave's reach into the Earth. The Krubera Cave is located in the Arabika Massif of the Gagrinsky Range in Abkhazia. It is the only cave on Earth deeper than 6,561 feet.

The cave is called "Voronya" in Russia, which means "crow's cave." Kiev cavers gave it that nickname during the Eighties due to the number of crows nesting in the entrance pit.

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The Arabika Massif is one of the largest high-mountain limestone karst massifs in the Western Caucasus, which is an area of southern Russia. Composed of Lower Cretaceous and Upper Jurassic lime stones, these outcroppings dip continuously southwest to the Black Sea and then plunge below the modern sea level.

It is a kaist, which means it is formed from the dissolution of soluble rock - in this case, limestone.

It extends for 8,346 miles and since 1956 when French explorers first descended below 3,281 feet cavers have dreamed of exploring deeper.

According to Ukrainian caver Alexander Klimchouk, the "trail" is formed of a chain of pits, cascades and pitches, some of which are over 300 feet deep and connected by very narrow passages.

One 300 foot long passage is nicknamed "Way to the Dream" although for people who suffer from claustrophobia, such a narrow channel might seem more of a nightmare.
 
Named after the Russian geologist Alexander Krubera, the cave is the only chasm on Earth that is known to be deeper than 6,561 feet.

A Ukrainian diver called Gennadiv Samokhin in 2007 extended the map of the abyss by diving in "the terminal sump." He increased the cave's known depth by 150 feet in 2007 and 170 feet in 2012, Gizmodo reported. His fearless endeavor earned him world records on both occasions.

Klimchouk explained in an article for National Geographic that cavers use dye traces to record where they have been. He organized a series of expeditions in 2005 and his team of 56 carried some five tons of equipment into the chasm.

Much like scaling a mountain, the team had to cover certain distances so they could set up camp at depths of 2,300, 3,986, 4,630, and 5,380 feet.

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