Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

8/23/2013 (2 years ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

Located about halfway between Norway and Iceland, Faroe Islands show proof of colonization

The Faroe Islands, located halfway between Norway and Iceland, are proof that ancient Europeans dared to cross the Atlantic to the Americas long before the Vikings. Archaeologists say the Faroes arrived 300 to 500 years before the large-scale Viking colonization. A windblown sand deposit containing patches of burnt peat ash discovered on the islands bear witness to human activity.

It's not yet known who these newly discovered settlers were. Likely candidates may include religious hermits from Ireland, late-Iron Age colonists from Scotland or pre-Viking explorers from Scandinavia.

It's not yet known who these newly discovered settlers were. Likely candidates may include religious hermits from Ireland, late-Iron Age colonists from Scotland or pre-Viking explorers from Scandinavia.

Highlights

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

8/23/2013 (2 years ago)

Published in Green

Keywords: Faroes, Faroe Islands, Vikings, archaeology


LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic online) - The islands served as the first stepping stones beyond the Scottish archipelago of the Shetlands. The Vikings discovered continental North America in the 11th century, about 400 or 500 years before Christopher Columbus crossed the sea.

Scientists previously believed the Vikings undertook the first major settlement of the Faroes in the ninth century. There was evidence there might have been earlier arrivals there. One example which occurred about 825, when the Irish monk Dicuil in the court of Charlemagne wrote of Irish hermits settling islands beforehand that may have been the Faroes.


Scientists have discovered firm archaeological evidence "for the human colonization of the Faroes by people some 300 to 500 years before the large-scale Viking colonization of the ninth century, although we don't yet know who these people were or where they came from," researcher Mike Church, an environmental archaeologist at the Durham University in England said in an interview.


This ash in the burnt peat ash contained barley grains burnt in domestic hearths, which carbon dating showed was pre-Viking. Barley is not indigenous to the Faroes, so it must have been either grown or brought to the islands by humans.


"This is the first archaeological evidence that proves there were humans there at the Faroes prior to the big Viking colonization event," Church said.


It's estimated that the mysterious settlers may have spread these ashes onto the sands during the fourth to sixth centuries and sixth to eighth centuries. This practice was often seen in the North Atlantic region among Europeans during this period to stabilize the dunes and keep the wind from eroding them away.


"The majority of archaeological evidence for this early colonization is likely to have been destroyed by the major Viking invasion, explaining the lack of proof found in the Faroes for the earlier settlement," Church said.


It's not yet known who these newly discovered settlers were. Likely candidates may include religious hermits from Ireland, late-Iron Age colonists from Scotland or pre-Viking explorers from Scandinavia. 


"Maybe these were intrepid explorers arriving from each of those areas," Church said, adding that the findings raise more questions than they answer.


"Although we don't know who the people were that settled here and where they came from, it is clear that they did prepare peat for use by cutting, drying and burning it, which indicates they must have stayed here for some time," researcher Símun Arge, of the National Museum of the Faroe Islands, said in a statement.


---


Pope Francis: end world hunger through 'Prayer and Action'


Copywriter 2015 - Distributed by THE NEWS CONSORTIUM

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for July 2015
Universal:
That political responsibility may be lived at all levels as a high form of charity.
Evangelization: That, amid social inequalities, Latin American Christians may bear witness to love for the poor and contribute to a more fraternal society.



Comments


More Green

Prawn Nebula births astonishing new star clusters Watch

Image of The Prawn Nebula -dense concentration of ionized gas and dust- 'births' three clusters of newborn stars captured with the MPG/ESO 2.2 metre telescope at the La Silla Observatory in Chile as part of ESO's Cosmic Gems program.

By Kenya Sinclair (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

European Southern Observatory (ESO) scientists captured three clusters of newborn stars in the Prawn Nebula with the MPG/ESO telescope at the La Silla Observatory in Chile as part of ESO's Cosmic Gems program. LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA (Catholic Online) - The scientists ... continue reading


Where are all the trees? Only a SHOCKING 3 trillion trees left in entire world Watch

Image of Lumberjack cuts tree.

By Talia Ramos (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

An alarming report has been released by researchers following a comprehensive assessment of global tree populations. The number of trees falling has reached an unprecedented rate and, unfortunately, the rate can still increase based on human population growth, ... continue reading


Incredible NASA video offers amazing sights of Pluto Watch

Image of Large areas of Pluto are completely or largely crater-free. This suggests that the dwarf planet remained geologically active until the recent past - and may even still be active today.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

The distant, icy planet of Pluto was officially kicked out of our solar system in 2006. Our current solar system now only features eight planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, and Neptune. A recent flyby by NASA has revealed a wealth of ... continue reading


Are the blood moons foretelling the impending apocalypse? Watch

Image of The Blood Moon is the result of Earth's shadow.

By Linky C. (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

The Blood Moon will grace the skies this year on September 27-28, leading end-of-time believers speculating that the end of the world is drawing near. MUNTINLUPA CITY, PHILIPPINES (Catholic Online) - There will be blood -in the sky that is. A "blood moon" is a lunar ... continue reading


Five-foot-long 'bizarre' sea scorpion fossil discovered Watch

Image of Pentecopterus decorahensis, or

By Talia Ramos (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

More than 150 fossil fragments of the well-preserved ancestors of sea scorpions were unearthed in Iowa, according to The Daily Mail. MUNTINLUPA, PHILIPPINES (Catholic Online) - Named "Pentecopterus decorahensis," the creatures were the largest and oldest species of sea ... continue reading


President Obama shares apocalyptic vision of world destroyed by climate change Watch

Image of President Barack Obama viewing a rapidly melting glacier while on his Alaskan trip.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

President Barack Obama shared his vision of the world if global leaders further refuse the facts of climate change. Warning that if we don't act today, "we will condemn our children to a planet beyond their capacity to repair." LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) ... continue reading


World must address climate change or 'condemn our children to a world they will no longer have the capacity to repair,' Obama says Watch

Image of Obama recently gave final approval to Shell Oil's drilling in the Alaskan Arctic for the first time in 20 years. Environmentalists have called down Obama for hypocrisy.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

United States President Barack Obama called upon world to act quickly on climate change or "condemn our children to a world they will no longer have the capacity to repair." The president used unusually strong language at the "GLACIER" conference in Anchorage, ... continue reading


Nearly all seabird species expected to have guts full of plastic by 2050 Watch

Image of A bird with plastic netting wrapped around its neck.

By Talia Ramos (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

A recently published study stated by 2050, nearly every seabird species is predicted to have plastic debris ingested into their systems. MUNTINLUPA, PHILIPPINES (Catholic Online) - Senior research scientist at the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research ... continue reading


NASA captures space 'butterfly' with Hubble Space Telescope Watch

Image of  Hubble Scope's new image of Minkowski's Butterfly, a Butterfly Nebula.

By Talia Ramos (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

A butterfly nebula recently beamed back via NASA's Hubble Space Telescope. NASA reports the phenomenon is the result of good luck, dust, a dying star and a smaller star. MUNTINLUPA, PHILIPPINES (Catholic Online) -NASA explained that the occurrence had to do with ... continue reading


OMINOUS DEVELOPMENT: Massive chunk breaks off world's fastest melting glacier Watch

Image of It comes as ominous news to coastal cities and nations around the world vulnerable to sudden sea level rise . the world's fastest melting glacier had a massive chunk break off in over two days, setting an unwelcome record.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

It comes as ominous news to coastal cities and nations around the world vulnerable to sudden sea level rise as the world's fastest melting glacier had a massive chunk break off in over two days, setting an unwelcome record. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - ... continue reading


All Green News

Newsletters

Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Daily Readings

Reading 1, Colossians 1:21-23
21 You were once estranged and of hostile intent ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 54:3-4, 6, 8
3 Arrogant men are attacking me, bullies hounding me ... Read More

Gospel, Luke 6:1-5
1 It happened that one Sabbath he was walking through ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for September 5th, 2015 Image

Bl.Teresa of Calcutta
September 5: The remarkable woman who would be known as Mother Theresa began ... Read More

Inform, Inspire & Ignite Logo

Find Catholic Online on Facebook and get updates right in your live feed.

Become a fan of Catholic Online on Facebook


Follow Catholic Online on Twitter and get News and Product updates.

Follow us on Twitter