Survey: Continent of Africa has the most corrupt nations in the world
Transparency International ranks nations by integrity
Transparency International, an integrity-ranking group based in Germany has declared that the continent of Africa has the most corrupt nations in the world. Denmark, New Zealand and Singapore are seen as having the least corruption in the world, based on the Corruption Perception Index, or CPI, published annually. Somalia is viewed as the most corrupt country.
Transparency International defines corruption as the "abuse of entrusted power for private gain," in public and private sectors. It scores countries based on assessments of the prevalence of bribery of public officials, embezzlement of public funds, kickbacks in public procurement, and questions about the effectiveness of public anti-corruption efforts.
LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - "The surveys and assessments used to compile the index include questions relating to bribery of public officials, kickbacks in public procurement, embezzlement of public funds and questions that probe the strength and effectiveness of public sector anti-corruption efforts," said a release accompanying the 2010 CPI.
Countries with the highest scores on the index are viewed as having the least corruption; countries with the lowest scores, the most. Denmark, New Zealand and Singapore each scored 9.3 out of a possible 10.
Rounding out the 10 highest scores were Finland and Sweden, 9.2; Canada, 8.9; Netherlands, 8.8; Australia and Switzerland, 8.7; and Norway, 8.6.
Japan was 17th on the list with a score of 7.8; the United Kingdom 20th (7.6); and the United States 22nd (7.1).
At the bottom of the 178 countries Somalia scored 1.1, below Afghanistan and Myanmar (1.4) and Iraq (1.5). Five other African nations joined Somalia; Sudan, Chad, Burundi, Angola and Equatorial Guinea. Forty-four of the 47 African nations scored less than five on the index, meaning they have serious levels of corruption. Botswana was ranked as the least corrupt African country, with a score of 5.8.
According to Transparency International, "these results indicate a serious corruption problem.
"With governments committing huge sums to tackle the world's most pressing problems, from the instability of financial markets to climate change and poverty, corruption remains an obstacle to achieving much needed progress."
The report defines corruption as the "abuse of entrusted power for private gain," in public and private sectors. It scores countries based on assessments of the prevalence of bribery of public officials, embezzlement of public funds, kickbacks in public procurement, and questions about the effectiveness of public anti-corruption efforts.
© 2014 - Distributed by THE NEWS CONSORTIUM
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